Your question could lead to a long list of detailed data element that cover pre-operative, anesthesia, intra-operative and post-operative care.
In broad terms the documentation will need to include patient verification steps taken, patient assessment data including anesthesia assessments, anesthesia plans, allergies, medications and planned procedure and preoperative preparation. Intraoperatively in is important to capture all time elements, patietn verifications, the nursing plan of care, all patient positioning and preparations. The sponge, needle and instrument counts are documented. Any drains and or implants are documented. Medications are noted. A post-op nursing assessment should be included.
For Recovery vital signs and patient assessments are noted. Times are also important. Patient/family teaching is documented and a fuctional score at admission and discharge should be included in the record.
The best source for details required is in Association of Operating Room Nurse (AORN) literature.